The sculpture displayed in the Luxor Museum is a noteworthy artifact from Ancient Egypt, dating back to the 18th Dynasty (1479-1425 BC). This substantial granite statue presents Thutmose III, an influential pharaoh, in a seated position, consistent with pharaonic sculptural conventions.
The statue, made from dark granite, depicts Thutmose III wearing essential royal insignia: the nemes - a distinctive royal headdress, and the uraeus - an upright Egyptian cobra fixed on the forehead symbolizing royal and divine power. The precision of carved features, including well-structured eyes, prominent cheekbones, and a definitive jawline, contribute to the solemn yet tranquil countenance of the pharaoh.
The depiction of power and authority is enhanced by the pharaoh's pose, with the left hand resting on his lap and the right hand holding the royal scepter. Hieroglyphic inscriptions on the throne alongside the cartouche, presenting Thutmose III's birth and throne names, provide valuable insights into the historical and social context of his reign.
As a representative work from the New Kingdom Period, the statue draws attention to the exacting craftsmanship and detailed inscriptions characteristic of the era's sculptural art. The stature and quality of the piece suggest the high regard and admiration towards the pharaoh.